Thrombosis in Pregnancy

Thrombosis in Pregnancy


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Thrombosis During Pregnancy

Coagulation is nice feature of blood which, however, has to be shown only after an injury to the blood vessel. Unfortunately, there are situations when this necessary mechanism can malfunction. Thrombosis in pregnancy most often arise because blood begins to grow stale in varicose veins of legs.

Thrombosis is a disease at which blood clots may form in veins. If an inflammation also develops, then this disorder is called thrombophlebitis.

  • All factors that leads to forming of blood clots in veins or to damage the endothelium lining blood vessel can cause thrombosis.
  • If you don’t want it to happen, it is necessary to be engaged in prophylaxis of varicosity of legs and to watch blood coagulation indicators.

What is Thrombosis?

Formation of thrombus is usually normal. It is natural process developing in injured vein (for example, at a cut). But the thrombosis is a disorder because in this case the blood clot is formed without any need.

Characteristic signs of thrombophlebitis (veins blockage by clots) are nagging pains in muscles, edemas, skin specific redness on an affected area, temperature increase, rapid pulse, or headaches.

Why are Future Mothers Predisposed to Thrombosis Developing?

Factors which make thrombosis in pregnancy as more probable disorder are well known. Thus, a common cause of blood clots formation is varicosity.

Low activity, prolonged bed rest of future mother can lead to veins blockage by clots, too. One more possible condition is an injury, or surgical intervention.

The specific cause of thrombophlebitis among pregnant women is increase of intra-abdominal pressure. It results in stagnation of a blood in legs and increases the risk of development of such disorder.

What Would be the Result of Thrombosis in Pregnancy?

Thrombosis During Pregnancy

But this disorder itself can't influence the child directly if it doesn't affect vessels of umbilical cord or placenta, but this disease complicates a state of future mother. When the clot blocks free blood flow, bodily cells receive less necessary nutrients that may lead to a tissue necrosis.

Diagnostics of the Problem

Thrombosis is shown by pains and edemas, and sometimes it is enough to the doctor to examine the affected leg to make the diagnosis. To specify a state there may be required additional examinations, for example, blood test or Doppler sonography (one of versions of ultrasound investigation).

How to Prevent Thrombosis in Pregnancy?

It is known that the best treatment is a prophylaxis. If before pregnancy you had edemas or prominent veins, or legs tiredness by the evening, it means an occasion to address the phlebologist.

If your parents have varicosity of legs, then you are probably also predisposed to such illness. In that case the doctor will advise to wear compression stockings or tights during pregnancy and will pick up preventive or medical degree of their compression.

How is Thrombosis Cured in Pregnancy?

At suspicion on thrombosis in pregnant woman it is necessary to address the phlebology surgeon to specify the diagnosis and to define what treatment will be effective and at the same time safe for the child. It is impossible to self-medicate at all, including with use of folk medicine methods.

Doctors often recommend to use ointments containing heparin, such as Troxevasinum or Butadionum. In certain cases use of antiphlogistic preparations in the form of tablets or injections may be required. In complicated cases women will need surgical intervention to not allow blood clots to move up in vein.

If the disease affects shin and the lower part of hip, it is possible to manage by conservative methods of treatment to avoid surgical operation. Cold impact on affected areas, raised bed position for legs during sleep and elastic bandaging can be very useful.

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