Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy

bleeding gums during pregnancy first trimester


Bleeding Gums in Pregnancy

Often the future mother during pregnancy starts having problems not only with teeth, but with gums. They become weak and easily become inflamed, there is bleeding during, or after brushing.

Why the Gums are Bleeding During Pregnancy

The gum is the mucous membrane covering the alveolar branching of the maxilla and the alveolar part of mandible, covering the teeth in the cervical area. Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums (they redden, swell, become loose, and bleed). This condition often occurs in the first months of pregnancy.

As a rule, the main cause of bleeding gums of expectant mothers is an inevitable change in hormonal levels during childbearing. This leads not only to a fall in immunity, including local (i.e. in the mouth), but also to a change in the composition of plaque, its faster formation and so on, which all together provokes inflammation and bleeding of the gums.

Equally important is the correct and regular care of the oral cavity. Gingivitis occurs due to neglecting the rules of hygiene and leads to bacteria on the gums. It causes inflammation, pain and bleeding. If measures are not taken, gingivitis can go to more serious gum disease-periodontitis. In this disease the bacteria penetrate in depth and impact on bone and tissues that hold the teeth.

Indirectly to the development of gingivitis leads the deficiency of calcium in the body, which is experiencing almost all women with the pregnancy. And therefore in most cases, the problem should be addressed in an integrated manner.

What to do if Your Gums Bleed During Pregnancy

To stop the bleeding or soothe the pain, you must rinse the oral cavity with the infusion of herbs. Just keep in mind that their composition is allowed for pregnant women. Expectant mothers can safely use chamomile, lime blossom or walnut leaves, herb tea of cinquefoil.

You can buy in the pharmacy a ready made tincture "Rotokan", dissolve 1 teaspoon in a glass of water and rinse your mouth. For the treatment and prevention of gingivitis a kalanchoe juice or a blend of honey with salt (1:4) is rubbed in the gums. Of medications are widely used ointments or gels, for example, "Metrogil-denta". But before applying any of the aforementioned, you must consult your doctor: therapist (if you decided to use folk cures) or dentist (if you decided to resort to pharmaceutical drugs).

If you are pregnant and you are concerned about your gums, do not expect that everything goes by itself: untreated "trivia" with the passage of time can develop into a serious illness. During pregnancy, especially carefully check the condition of the oral cavity: rinse your mouth and brush your teeth after eating. If, however, you've experienced an unacceptable long-term pain or noted bleeding of the gums, go to the doctor. Just don't forget to tell him about your pregnancy, if this is not visible to the naked eye, because pregnant are not recommended to do x-rays or certain types of anesthesia. You should also visit your dentist if you feel swelling and redness of the gums, or have noticed that very quickly after brushing the teeth a plaque is formed on them.

If you need dental treatment, it is best to move it to the second trimester – it is the safest period in all respects of childbearing. Gum treatment rarely requires aggressive action, but if the problem caught you in the early stages of pregnancy, caution will not be superfluous. And even more reasonable would be to try to prevent bleeding of the gums.


For your pregnancy not to be marred by trouble with gums, carefully look after your oral cavity. Don't forget twice a day brush your teeth after every meal and rinse your mouth with water-this will help remove plaque and bacteria. Consult your doctor, if during eating or when using the toothbrush you have bleeding gums. To avoid this, it is necessary to establish rational balanced diet, during tooth brushing use a soft synthetic toothbrush. By the way, don't forget that a toothbrush is strictly a private thing, so using someone else's or letting to use yours to someone else is totally unacceptable!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *