- Is Loss of Pregnancy Symptoms a Sign of Miscarriage?
- Symptoms of Miscarriage
Is Loss of Pregnancy Symptoms a Sign of Miscarriage?
Officially, it is believed that pregnancy begins since the merger of the ovum with the sperm. Next comes the movement of the ovum and its attaching to the uterus. The fetus develops and grows, but sometimes this is impeded by various factors. Then the pregnancy may be interrupted and result in a miscarriage. A normal pregnancy is characterized by the absence of pain in the abdomen and bleeding. Once you notice these symptoms appear, you should seek medical help immediately.
Miscarriage is the spontaneous abortion before the 22nd week. If it occurred before the 12th week, it is referred to as an early miscarriage, if after – the late miscarriage. After 22 weeks the fetus is considered viable, so this is referred to as a premature birth.
If the miscarriage occurred a few times in a row, then it is called recurrent loss of pregnancy. To find out the cause you should be well screened and undergo comprehensive treatment. If you’ve had only one miscarriage, then it is rather natural selection or bad coincidence. But in any case you should visit your gynecologist, who will find the root cause of the problem.
Symptoms of Miscarriage
There are several stages of miscarriage, on which the clinical picture depends. In the beginning there are only pulling pains in the abdomen. The overall condition is still fine, there is no discharge. The second stage begins with the dissection of the ovum. Miscarriage symptoms become more evident because spotting appear. They can be of varying intensity, so you should see a doctor, even if it is only spotting. The color can be bright red or brown.
The next stage is characterized by severe pain in the pelvic area, which occurs with the contraction of the uterus. At this point the fetus is already dead, because it has fully detached from the walls of the uterus. The discharge at this stage is always intense. Sometimes the uterine cavity is cleaned by itself, but usually a gynecological procedure in order to eliminate the remnants of the ovum is required.
Sometimes there are situations when a woman goes on a routine ultrasound and it shows the death of the fetus. This condition is called non-viable pregnancy, during which a spontaneous abortion didn’t happen. To some extent this is bad, because the uterus should be timely cleared from the dead embryo. Miscarriage at a late term also has its distinctive features. The discharge is always plentiful, and there are parts of the embryo. But after 12 weeks of pregnancy the miscarriage is less common, so a woman can relax during this period.
If a pregnant woman noticed something wrong, she should immediately call ambulance. The signs of miscarriage are always different, but the doctor still relies on the clinical symptoms. The main method that is used in the diagnosis of miscarriage is ultrasound examination. It not only acknowledges the fact of the miscarriage, but also helps determine the treatment tactics (whether it makes sense to continue retaining therapy or not). Another method is the measurement of HCG in the blood which decreases after the death of the fetus.
If the miscarriage occurred early and there was an adequate treatment, then there should be no complications.
But if a woman refused curettage or did not immediately went to the hospital, a serious infection may develop. This leads to inflammation of the uterine appendages and endometritis. In the future, such complications can cause infertility, because the fallopian tubes will be impassable, and the ovaries will stop working properly. Abortion itself is a serious stress both to the immune and the hormonal systems, so be sure to take oral contraceptives for a period of 3 months.