Headaches in Early Pregnancy
During pregnancy women quite often complain of headaches that can arise at any time, deliver significant discomfort and causing distress in pregnancy. Most often there is a headache in early pregnancy or at the end of the third trimester. Usually the causes of headaches can be different, have different localization, be primary or secondary.
Primary headaches result from exposure to adverse external environmental factors on the body of a pregnant woman. Secondary headaches-are observed at internal disorders or diseases causing the spasm of blood vessels in the brain. Frequent headaches should be addressed by a doctor who can exclude serious illness and give helpful advice.
Causes of Headaches in Early Pregnancy
The main causes of headaches during pregnancy are:
- Hormonal changes;
- Iron deficiency in the body, and B vitamins;
- Physical exertion, stress, depression;
- Climatic conditions;
- Overweight, metabolic disorders;
- Internal diseases.
Headaches in early pregnancy can be due to disorders of cerebral circulation, with the vegetative-vascular dystonia, which affects 70% of women with migraines and other disorders that were observed prior to pregnancy. During pregnancy a woman's internal organs work in enhanced mode, there are changes in hormonal levels, all of these factors may be causing headaches in early pregnancy. Headache can be localized in different divisions of the brain, be throbbing, dull, cutting, occur at night or day, be permanent or recurrent. Only a doctor can identify the cause of the pain.
Nevertheless, one should not despair. cures for headaches that can be taken during pregnancy, still exist.
- Imitreks (sumatriptan);
- Maksalt (rizatriptan);
These drugs include ibuprofen and triptans, which are effective and relatively safe. However, self-treatment should never be practiced. Appropriateness of medicine and its dosage should be determined only by the doctor.
There is a whole group of medications for headaches, that during pregnancy are strongly discouraged. So, you should not cure a headache by pills containing caffeine, which is quite dangerous for the fetus.
There are cases where pregnant women were prescribed fiorinal for headaches, but the guides of the specialists are hardly understood: fiorinal is a powerful barbiturate, which has a very strong and negative effect on the fetus, causing various malformations.
Also among the banned substances during pregnancy are analgin and aspirin. Particular threat they pose if taken in the first half of pregnancy, as they can adversely affect the child. Therefore, the intake of such drugs as citramon and spazgan containing these substances during childbearing is not recommended. No matter how harmless for pregnant women the medicine for headaches may seem, it is best to try to cope with the unpleasant symptoms without medication.
For the prevention and control of headaches, are recommended:
- Long walks in the fresh air;
- Herbal teas with chamomile and mint;
- Drinking a lot of fluids (dehydration often causes headaches);
- Aromatherapy (oils for it should be selected with care);
- Cold compresses;