- Symptoms of Fybromialgia
- Diagnosing the Disease
- Treating Fybromialgia
- Complications and Consequences
- Preventive Measures Against Fybromialgia
Chronic Pain During Pregnancy
Fybromialgia is a set of symptoms. It is characterized by chronic muscle pain that spreads along all body, depression, sleep disorder, feeling fatigue and morning constraint. The base of the disease is disorder in central nervous system and endocrine system. This usually occurs in case of those people who are inclined to have such disorders. There is a lack of several hormones and those intermediary hormones that take part in the transmission of a nerve impulse. For example, noradrenaline and serotonin.
A decrease in the level of pain susceptibility occurs. Consequently, usual influence on an organism (for example, emotional and physical strain, changes in temperature) that usually do not cause pain in case of healthy people, are perceived as excessive ones and are accompanied by the evident painful sensations. The mentioned changes also affect psycho emotional status and lead to a chronic depression and fatigue.
Symptoms of Fybromialgia
The main symptom – pain. There is a constant pain that spreads to the right and left side of a body, pain higher and lower your waist. The pain becomes stronger in case of emotional and psychic strain, in case of cold temperature or when climate changes sharply.
- The occurrence of painful dots in different parts of a body. They hurt when you push on these dots;
- Decrease of muscle power;
- Morning constraint;
- An increased feeling of fatigue;
- Sleep disorder – insomnia or sleep after that you do not feel that you’ve had a rest;
- You become more irritable. Memory becomes worse. It’s harder to concentrate on something;
- There is a possibility of headaches;
- The feeling of numbness and prickling in various parts of a body;
- The symptoms of fybromialgiamay become stronger during pregnancy – the pain and fatigue may be increased.
The reasons for the development of fybromialgia are unknown. There is an opinion that this disease occurs in case of those persons that have a hereditary predisposition that then are affected by various factors.
The list of the factors includes:
- traumas or operations;
- infections (hepatitis C virus, parvovirus, Epstein-Barr virus EBV, etc);
- hormonal disorders (a decrease in the functioning of pancreas gland);
- some drugs and vaccines.
There is a possibility of fybromialgia development in case other rheumatological diseases are present (for example, in case of rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus).
Diagnosing the Disease
There is no any particular analysis that can detect fybromialgia.
Diagnosis is based on the following things:
- a characteristic set of symptoms with the occurrence (most importantly) of pain that has been occurring for not less than 3 months;
- whether or not a doctor has detected painful dots;
- other disease that have similar symptoms have already been excluded (rheumatological diseases or diseases of endocrine system etc).
What medication do you take for fibromyalgia? Before any specific treatment can be recommended, there is a need to consult an obstetrician.
Non-medical methods of treatement:
- getting rid of stress;
- special exercises (swimming, cycling, walking);
- physiotherapy (ultrasound, mineral waters).
Drugs that can cure you of the disease are aimed at:
- helping you get rid of pain. This is achieved with the help of local or general anesthetics that relax your muscles;
- correcting the disorders of nerve and endocrine systems and also a psycho – emotional sphere. There are usually antidepressants that are prescribed. They replenish the lack of the intermediary hormones that take part in the transmition of a nerve impulse (noradrenaline, serotonin), your mood improves;
- getting sleep back to normal. There is a possibility that sleeping pills will be prescribed.
Complications and Consequences
Fybromialgia is not a case of a deathly illness. It doesn’t lead to the damage of your internal organs. However, if you do not treat it, the quality of your life may become significantly worse because your physical activity is limited and there is a psych – emotional discomfort.
Preventive Measures Against Fybromialgia
These preventive measures are aimed at preventing the symptoms from getting stronger and keeping the disease under control:
- you need to follow the recommendations of your doctor;
- avoid stressful situations;
- if it is possible, you need to consult a psychologist.
You need to regularly visit an obstetrician (once a month during the 1st trimester, once within 2-3 weeks during the 2nd trimester and once in 7-10 days during the 3rd trimester). You need to register at the maternity welfare clinic on time (before the 12th week of pregnancy).