Allergies in Pregnancy
Most of the women, who suffer from various kinds of allergies, are afraid to get pregnant. This group of women are always under the influence of drugs during pregnancy, which is undesirable. These drugs can make a threat to the development of the fetus.
The combination of allergies and pregnancy does not make life easier. However, scientists have determined that pregnant women have a high level of the hormone cortisol, which fights with allergies very well. Therefore, the manifestation of allergy is much less common, but even if it begins, it ends faster.
Even asthma and hay fever cannot express themselves during this particular period. After delivery, the amount of this substance in the body gets back to normal, and exposure to the allergy drops to a normal level. If the expectant mother had not undergone allergy in the first pregnancy, there is a chance of this situation to repeat.
How a Pregnancy Influences on Allergy
There are three types of pregnancy actions against allergy, which are defined and scientifically grounded:
- No anti-allergic effect;
- Allergy is tolerated easier;
- Allergy intensifies.
According to scientific data, almost every second pregnant woman has a problem with the nose: runny nose and congestion after the first trimester. If the there is a connection between the source of allergies and the runny nose, it means that a woman has an exacerbation of allergic rhinitis.
About 2% of pregnant women have asthma, but if before pregnancy did not suffer from asthma, you become pregnant if ill unlikely. In the event that had asthma before pregnancy, her aggravation worth the wait between the second and third trimester. During the last month of pregnancy, your condition will improve. Now asthma does not prevent pregnancy. The first step is to visit the doctor in advance. While, on the other hand there are skin allergy symptoms, such as a rare type of hives that are found in the first pregnancy.
What Allergy Medicine is Safe During Pregnancy
You need to be careful with medicines, especially with anti-allergic drugs. It is necessary to visit an allergist and use medicines only when the effect on the fetus is less than the benefit obtained.
Antiallergic medicines cannot guarantee a full safety for the child. «Tavegil» can be very dangerous in this regard. One day during the experiment, it was tested on pregnant rats. After that, an improper structure of paws and the defects in the baby rats’ hearts were detected. However, a detrimental effect on human was not seen in the medical records, but still it is better not to drink it. Compared with Tavegil, Diazolin is much safer because there are no detrimental effects on the fetus. Nevertheless, even Diazolin should be used only in emergencies.
If the pregnancy proceeds with an allergy, it does not mean that it will be inherited by the child. However, a healthy mother can expose the allergy to the baby. Doctors confirm that the protective system of the baby is still in contact with allergens in the fetal stage, so a special sensitivity can be formed. When the baby is in contact with the virus (to which his system cannot properly react) after birth, we can observe allergic processes.
What to Do?
You must consult an allergist before pregnancy. Firstly, you will pass a comprehensive test, and then you will pass special tests. Knowing what causes such a reaction, you can protect yourself during pregnancy.
To prevent having allergies, a mother needs to adhere to a hypoallergenic diet. All pregnant women need to follow this diet, starting from the second trimester. If a woman is exposed to allergies from the beginning of pregnancy, this diet should be followed from the beginning of the period.
The secret of this diet is to prevent eating food, which can cause allergenic reactions. These products are honey, seafood, milk, eggs, fish and fish eggs, tomatoes, raspberries, strawberries, citrus fruits, chicken, canned food, salty, sweet or spicy food, juices and pickled foods.
Allowed: poultry and lean meats, various cereals, fruits and vegetables (not bright colored). In addition, try to limit yourself from the allergens.
Smoking is highly forbidden to expectant mothers. There is evidence that smoking mothers have babies who are short, have defective lungs and a high chance to be ill with atopic dermatitis, pneumonia, asthma and sudden death syndrome of infants.
Regularly ventilate the room. Wet cleaning, vacuuming and embossing pads are encouraged. Minimize the accumulation of dust in the apartment.
Reduce contact with pets and get rid of cockroaches. Breast milk is indispensable for the baby during the first months of life. Early cessation of breastfeeding exposes the immune system of a baby to have allergies, as mother’s milk has nutrients that can cope with a variety of allergens.