- At What Age Can a My Baby Drink Water?
- Breastfed Infanats
- Formula-Fed Infants
- What Water it is Recommended for Children?
- How Much Water Should a Baby Drink Per Day?
At What Age Can a My Baby Drink Water?
Age is the cornerstone in this issue. In this case, a document developed by the who will be appropriate to clear up the matter. According to it and the leading pediatricians, peculiarities of the drinking mode in children are as follows.
Breastfed infants (from 1 day to 1 month) don’t need water if there are no specific medical indications. Breast milk is a food and at the same time the perfect drink for the baby. It consists of water for 87 %, thus you don’t have to fear the dehydration. In hot weather and when a baby has a high temperature more often give him breasts.
Formula-fed infants should drink water. If the mixture is high quality, it contains the necessary amount of fluids and you won’t face any problems with dehydration and won’t need give water for the baby. However, nowadays it’s quite difficult to find a high quality mixture among the variety of offer, so your pediatrician may advise you to give the baby water (no more than 50 ml per day).
But this is quite a rare case. Be sure to give water to a formula-fed baby if he/she has a fever, or an intestinal infection. In such cases, the doctor may appoint an appropriate drinking. Don't forget give water to the baby during walks at hot weather.
Babies From Two to Six Months
Many moms wonder whether they can give water to the baby. The life itself suggests them the right answer. If you have enough breast milk and there is no abnormalities in the baby’s development and no health related problems, you don’t need to give the baby water. If you really want to, wait till the baby is 4 month-old - the age when the intestines are practically fully formed.
Offer him/her a tea spoon of water - if the baby refuses, he/she doesn’t need it. If the baby drinks it - start gradually increasing the dosage, but don’t exceed 60 ml per day. If the baby starts drinking water, don not use bottles - give it to him/her in a mug or a spoon to prevent him/her from stopping sucking breasts. If the baby is formula-fed, be sure to give him/her 60-100 ml of water per day during this period.
Babies From 6 Months to One Year
Six months is the time when parents can freely and safely give water to the baby. Now it’s a must. It’s no longer important whether the baby is breast or formula-fed. The body has grown up and now needs water for normal functioning and development of the internal organs. Moreover, starting with this time the baby starts eating “solid” food that should be taken together with water.
And now when the baby is 6 month-old and everything is clear about the drinking mode, may arise another important issue. What kind of water is safe for the baby? And once again young parents have a lot of information to sort and select an appropriate option.
What Water it is Recommended for Children?
Today mineral water has become a panacea: practically everybody buys and drinks it. Perhaps because of this trend, young mothers start giving their babies mineral water. This isn’t the best option, moreover mineral water isn’t recommended for babies under a certain age. Therefore, you should be very serious about choosing water for the baby.
Bottled Drinking Water for Children
It’s the best and safe option for babies of all ages. This water is checked, certified and absolutely safe even for infants. It even has a special marking “0 +”. Its composition fits for babies (it features minimal minerals, has a nice soft taste) and is very convenient to use as it doesn’t require boiling. Most pediatricians recommend to use it.
Soda is a soft drink, namely regular or flavoured mineral water saturated with carbon dioxide. The later your baby tries this liquid, the better. It is delicious, quenches thirst, while bursting gas bubbles cheer the children up, so they tend to drink it in unlimited quantities. However, carbon dioxide may cause an irreparable harm for the baby’s stomach. It’s strictly prohibited to give soda for children under 7 yo and further it’s better to limit its intake to small quantities.
Mineral water is bottled water from a registered underground source with the preserved original composition of all minerals. Pediatricians are very discreet and careful on the issue of mineral water intake. It’s not recommended for children under 5-6 yo, as saturated with minerals water may affect kidneys’ functions.
Distilled water is cleaned water without impurities and other extraneous components. It’s received by distillation in special devices. You can freely give it to the baby over 3 yo to quench thirst.
Deionized water is similar to the distilled water, but it is even more carefully cleaned and does not contain even ions of impurities. Therefore, it’s a perfect option for children over three years old.
Even if you have a good filter, you can only give such water for children over three years old. If you have no filter, you will have to boil water. Now we know everything about water composition and drinking water at different ages, but still parents may have some more questions. If a baby refuses all water: should parents force him/her into drinking water? While others may drink virtually unlimited quantities of water per day: what to do in such cases? Young parents need to know how much water a baby can drink in a particular age.
How Much Water Should a Baby Drink Per Day?
Water can be not only life-giving fluid: as any other product, you should abuse of it to avoid over-saturation and intoxication. The lack of water can entail another bad consequence - dehydration. That is why it is so important for parents to know how much water is recommended to drink for children of different ages.
Children Under 6 Months
Breastfed children at this age need 60-100 ml of baby water per day. A formula-fed baby needs more – 100-150 ml.
From 6 Months to 1 Year
The baby’s body is growing and this amount of water becomes insufficient. Now the baby needs 50ml of water per 1 kg of weight a day. At the same time you need to take into account the amount of liquid provided by other foods. For example, breast milk provides 75 % of water. The average daily need for water in children of different ages can be calculated upon the formula: NEED FOR FLUID (Baby’s weight*50 ml) - WATER PROVIDED BY FOOD (Milk*0.75). For example, your baby weighs 10 kg and drinks 500 ml of milk per day. First, calculate the need for water: 10 kg multiplied by 50 ml, you get 500 ml. Next, let’s learn how much water he/she has already drank. 500 ml multiplied by 0.75 and уou get 375 ml. Calculate the difference: from 500 ml deduct 375 ml, and we get 125 ml - the additional amount of water required for your baby. These calculations are individual and can be adjusted in each case.
From 1 Year to 3 Years
The baby start moving actively, so you shouldn’t limit his/her water intake if it falls within 1-1.2 liters a day. Toddlers should drink water in between the meals, preferably before 6 p.m. In the evening it’s better to replace water with yogurt or juice.
From 3 to 7 Years
The norm is 1.5-1.7 liters per day.
From 7 to 12 Years
At this age the child should receive from 1.7 to 2 liters per day. If drinking regime is organized properly, the child will feel good, will be active and drink water within the specified dosages. If the child refuses to drink the right amount of life-giving water, don’t make him/her into doing so if it has no impact on the health. But as soon as you notice the signs of dehydration, make the baby drink by any means.
The lack of water manifests as follows:
- slackness, irritability, moodiness;
- virtually no tears during crying;
- the blinks rarely;
- eyes begin to sink;
- skin becomes dry and pale, rough to the touch, loses elasticity, appear flakes;
- the tongue and the mouth are too dry;
- the baby urinates less than usually, the urine is dark and has a strong, unpleasant smell.
- feces are hard, frequent constipation;
- the baby more often has colic and flatulence;
- the fontanelle starts sinking;
- atopic dermatitis;
- when you give the baby a drink, he/she greedily grabs a cup (breast, bottle, etc.)
- if some of these symptoms are accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea and fever, it’s dehydration requiring an immediate consultation at a doctor.