- Treating a Fever Without Meds
- Rubbing a Patient Down
- Putting Ice on Certain Areas of Body
- Cold Purgative Enema
- Giving Your Baby More Water to Drink
- Natural Antifebrile Drugs
Treating a Fever Without Meds
If your kid has tonsillitis or ARVI, you have to fight against fewer. Unfortunately, antifebrile drugs are not enough here since their effect doesn’t always last for a period of time mentioned in the descriptions of such like drugs. Besides, if you decide to give an antifebrile drug to your kid, there is a risk of complications and poisoning. If you decide to give an antifebrile drug to your baby, you should be very careful here since babies are very sensitive in terms of the dosage of such like drugs.
There are situations when it’s simply forbidden to give an antifebrile drug to your baby. For example, your baby may be allergic to some of them or there may be certain medical contradictions. You may be at home with your baby when there is no one you can ask to go to a drugstore to get the drug. You can’t wait for the ambulance to come since it may take a lot of time.
However, there are ways to decrease body temperature without drugs. For example, rubdown, ice that you put on certain areas of a baby’s body, cold purgative enema and natural antifebrile drugs. Besides, you may give your baby more water to drink.
Rubbing a Patient Down
Rubdown is a simple but very effective procedure that helps to decrease body temperature for several grads. If it’s about babies and kids, the water you use should be of room temperature (22-25 °C. If it’s about adults, the water you use should be as cold as possible. It depends on what temperature of water a patient is comfortable with.
You need to help a patient to put off all the clothes. You rub down his/her face, body and extremities using a sponge or a piece of cotton cloth that you dip in water and squeeze a bit. There should be small drops of water left on the skin of a patient. They will evaporate by themselves. When evaporating, the drops cool down the skin and the body temperature decreases.
In order to make the process go faster and more effective, you may add several drops of table vinegar in the water you’ll use for rubbing down a patient. The vinegar shouldn’t be too much concentrated! You may use vodka. If it’s about kids, you need to water it (50/50). If it’s about babies who are younger than 1 year old, you’d better use clean water for rubbing down. The skin of a baby is very sensitive and it absorbs liquids very well. If you rub down the skin of a little baby using water with vinegar or vodka, there is a risk of poisoning or a light burn.
One more popular recommendation here is to rub down or pour over a kid with cold water (the water that was in the freezer or even the water that has pieces of ice in it). Of course, if you do it, body temperature will decrease faster. Well, try rubbing yourself down using water the temperature of that is lower than 15 °C. The sensations you’ll experience will be quite unpleasant. Imagine the way your baby will feel when you’ll use a cold sponge while rubbing down his/her skin. He/she is very likely to get hysterical. The worst scenario here is febrile convulsions that occur because of a sudden drop of the temperature.
Judging by our experience, it’s enough to rub down your baby using water of room temperature to decrease his/her body temperature for several grads. The effect will last for approximately 1 hour. If you use additional ways of decreasing body temperature (giving a baby more water to drink, putting ice on certain areas of his/her body), the effect is likely to last for 3-4 hours. Mind that you don’t need any antifebrile drugs here.
Mind the following: if your kid or baby has no chills, there is hyperthermia and he/she feels hot, his/her body and face are red and hot, do not make him/her put some clothes on. Your baby or kid may have only panties on. Besides, you may not cover him/her with a blanket. Very often, parents are afraid of their baby or kid get cold. That’s why they make him/her put on a lot of clothes and cover himself/herself with a blanket. Actually, this only prevents the decrease of body temperature.
Putting Ice on Certain Areas of Body
You may use only this method as a means of decreasing body temperature or combine it with rubdown. You need to put small pieces of ice (not more than 2-3 cm in diameter) in a polythene bag and put it on the areas where big vessels are – forehead, armpits, poples and inguinal folds. In order to prevent the loss of too much heat in these areas, you need to cover the bag with a napkin or waffle towel. The procedure shouldn’t last longer than 5 minutes. You may repeat it in 10-15 minutes.
Cold Purgative Enema
You need to use cold water (the temperature should be from 15 to 20 °C). If the water is colder, it may cause shock on the part of a patient. If it is warmer, it will get absorbed in the intestines and there will be no effect. The amount of water in the enema may be different.
It depends on the age of a patient:
- If it’s about a newborn baby, the amount should be not more than 30 ml;
- If it’s a baby who is not older than 1 year old, the amount should be not more than 50 ml. If a baby is from 6 months to 1 year old, the amount of water should be not more than 100 ml;
- For a baby of 1-3 years old – 200 ml;
- For a kid of 3 to 6 years old – 300 ml;
- If a kid is older than 6 years old, the amount of water should be not more than 500 ml;
- If a kid is older than 14 years old, you may use a standard enema of 1,5 liters.
Giving Your Baby More Water to Drink
This helps to replenish the amount of water that gets out of a patient’s organism with sweat and breath. If a patient drinks more water, it helps to get toxins out of his/her organism. Besides, a patient starts to feel better. It’s impossible to make body temperature significantly decrease if he/she only drinks more water and doesn’t use any other methods. However, drinking more water is obligatory. In order to prevent vomiting, you need to give water to your baby in small amounts and make pauses while doing it (2-3 minutes).
If it’s about ARVI, you may give your baby drinks that contain vitamin C – briar decoction, tea with lemon, currant jam or gooseberry jam. You may also give him/her cranberry or orange juice. If your baby has chills and there is hyperthermia, the drink you give should be warm (30-40 °C).
Natural Antifebrile Drugs
Natural antifebrile drugs are plants that can fight against fewer due to the fact that they contain certain elements. The first thing that should be pointed out is that a number of such like plants contain salicylic acid. It is used to make aspirin. However, you may find natural sources of it. For example, strawberry, red and black currant, raspberry, cherry, oranges and prune. You may add jam made out of these berries and fruits in tea or use them to make different juices.
The second group of natural antifebrile drugs is a group of plants that have a diaphoretic effect. Sweat cools down skin and body temperature decreases. Lime flowers, marjoram, marigold and birch buds also have a good diaphoretic effect. You may use them to make tea or decoction. In order to make a decoction, you need to take 2 tbsp. of a plant you want to use, pour it with a glass of hot water and let the decoction brew on a water bath or in a thermos bottle. You need to add 2-3 tsp. in the drinks you give to your baby. The decoction should be given to a baby 3-4 times a day. You may make tea by mixing the dried plants and tea leaves (1:1).
Honey is one more effective antifebrile natural drug. It has a diaphoretic effect and contains salicylic acid. One more benefit of natural honey is that it fight against viruses and infections. Consequently, it makes your baby or kid more immune to them.
If it’s about babies, you should be very careful when using any natural antifebrile drugs. All them are considered to be the products that are very likely to cause allergic reactions. If you didn’t give any of such like drugs (strawberry, marigold etc.) to your baby or kid before he/she got ill, you shouldn’t do it for the first time during the period of illness.
Of course, even if you follow the recommendations mentioned above, it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t take your baby or kid to a doctor. If you don’t want your baby to have serious complications, you shouldn’t try to fight against fewer up until you find out what causes it. You may use the means described above when you don’t have anything else at hand and as an alternative to antifebrile drugs in case the body temperature doesn’t decrease. Still, you may use them only after your baby gets examined by a doctor and provided with basic treatment.