- Chicken Pox in Babies
- Symptoms of Chicken Pox on Babies
- How to Treat Chicken Pox in Children
- How to Reduce Itching and Burning Sensation on the Skin
- Possible Complications of Chicken pox in Children
- Prevention and Vaccine
Chicken Pox in Babies
Chickenpox is a viral infection caused by the special virus of herpes group of third type. It is noteworthy that this virus is not simple, but has a "zest" - it belongs to the category of so-called "volatile viruses" with universal 100 percent susceptibility.
That is, it is passed from an infected person to a healthy one by airborne droplets, but may for a long time be in "limbo" in the air and thus extend to fairly long distances — up to several hundred meters in radius from the "source". In other words, if your child has contracted chicken pox — it is not necessarily that he was infected by schoolmate or in a kindergarten. The virus could "fly" to him from a nearby house. Thus, live to be old and never meet with chickenpox and not contract it is virtually impossible.
Symptoms of Chicken Pox on Babies
The main symptoms of chickenpox in children is a red, itchy rash that is somewhat similar to the effects of insect bites. The rash often starts on face, chest and back, but then it can spread throughout the body, and even can end up in the mouth. The rash becomes fluid-filled bubbles that eventually burst, turning into tiny pockmarks. Neither the bubbles nor already open pockmarks cannot be scratched (even obeying the intolerable itching), otherwise the disease can drag along and give serious complications. The number of pockmarks can vary greatly-from 10-20 throughout the body, up to several thousands. But usually about 200-300 pockmarks can skin out at a child during the entire period of the disease.
Other symptoms of chickenpox in children can begin with the rash, but can occur already at the 7-8 day of the disease:
- fever and calor;
- loss of appetite;
- inexplicable irritability and tearfulness.
How to Treat Chicken Pox in Children
Firstly, it makes sense to warn about how chicken pox in children should not be treated. Despite the fact that many parents suffer from excessive and rather risky love to antibiotics, it is useful to remind once again: against any viruses antimicrobial (i.e. antibacterial) remedies are absolutely useless! And since the chicken pox in children is extremely viral infection, the antibiotic cannot even be recalled. There are special drugs (the so-called group of antiherpetic drugs on the basis of acyclovir) to help defeat the herpes group virus provoking chickenpox. However, in younger children such medications are used very rarely.
These drugs are fairly "intricate", with likely adverse effects. And normally there is no special need in their administration — if the disease develops without the complications of its standard scenario, small children (aged from about 1 year to 6-7 years) quite easily and adequately have chickenpox without drug therapy. Whereas adults, juveniles, pregnant women and very small babies, by contrast, suffer from chickenpox quite substantially. In the case of these risk groups the use of drug therapy (i.e. antiherpetic remedies) is justified and often is desperately needed. However, only the doctor may prescribe the drugs!
Once the rash ceases to appear, you can start a five-day countdown. After 5 days the child will no longer pose a danger of infection. After this period you can safely take the child for a walk (fresh air and some physical activity only benefit his recovery), but in a nursery, kindergarten or school (as well as any other "populous place") it is still too early for him to go. He is not able to infect, but can easily "catch" any infection from other people - the fact is that chickenpox, alas, for a while substantially reduces immunity. For the child to fully recover, he needs for some 2-3 weeks after illness to stay in relative isolation.
So, the treatment strategy of chickenpox in children is as follows:
- Monitor the emergence of new pockmarks.
- Take measures to remove the itch.
- Send the temperature down if it has exceeded 38 °C.
- Feed sparingly, give to drink strenuously.
To follow the emergence of pockmarks you can use markers (brilliant green, markers, or simply by sight). How to relieve the itch — we will tell in detail below. But as febrifuges in treating chickenpox in children only two remedies are usually applied: paracetamol or ibuprofen. Both are equally effective for reducing body temperature.
How to Reduce Itching and Burning Sensation on the Skin
There are a number of specific measures to help ease the itching and the desire to scratch the skin, affected by chicken pox rash.
- Create a cool climate indoors! (The more the toddler sweats — the terrible are the rashes and stronger the itch).
- At night put on the baby nursery cotton gloves, so he does not scratch during sleep.
- Make to your baby a cool bath. Despite the temperature and severe itching, a child with chickenpox may not only bathed, but should. Partly just because the cool water reduces the itching. An important nuance: the skin after bathing should not be wiped, but only soaked with towel.
- To relieve the itch you can also add to the water when bathing a little baking soda. And bathing the baby in a cool bath with addition of soda can be done several times a day, literally every 3-4 hours.
- In addition, antihistamines help to remove the itch (all sorts of ointments and gels). However, such medications must be used very carefully! The ointment or gel should be applied in small quantities and only at the very pockmark. Otherwise (especially if the bubbles rash are many and they cover most of the body) when using an antihistamine ointment you can "arrange" to a child a real overdose of the drug. Because it is through the infected parts of skin the ointment is most rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream.
Possible Complications of Chickenpox in Children
Aesthetic skin problems. After chickenpox pockmarks on the skin may remain blisters, small hollows, as after the acne, etc., which are not always removed afterwards. Pneumonia This most often occurs with children, whose immune system is significantly weakened.
The disease of the brain (the so-called "chickenpox encephalitis"). A rare, but possible phenomenon on the background of chicken pox, when some areas of the brain are temporarily "attacked". That causes disorders in behavior and facial expressions, tremor and coordination disruption. However, with appropriate therapy it is successfully treated.
Reye's syndrome ("acute hepatic encephalopathy"). It is a very rare, but at the same time a very serious illness, which, according to some medical research, is the result of use in the treatment of chickenpox virus the drugs based on acetylsalicylic acid (for example, aspirin). Lethality of Reye's syndrome amid chicken pox in children of 3-12 years is 20-25 %.
Prevention and Vaccine of Chickenpox in Children
Only the inoculation can give a 100 % guarantee of protection against the chickenpox virus. In the United States and some European countries already since the mid 1990-ies the vaccine from chickenpox is included in the national vaccination plan and is conducted everywhere.
At the same time, the kid with a strong immunity probably will tolerate chickenpox disease easier and faster than his peer with weakened immune system. In addition, with the weakened immunity amid chickenpox in children sometimes complications of the disease can develop. This all suggests that a strong stable immunity also is rightly considered part of prevention against many diseases, including — against chickenpox.